What Is An Agreement Under Seal

In addition to these three abstract reasons, there may also have been a more practical reason, namely that the object with which the wax was printed, usually an engraved signet, identified its owner and therefore provided proof that the owner of the seal was a contracting party. The justification for this special treatment of sealed contracts can be understood in terms of the legal formalities associated with sealing a document with a wax seal. First, the following legal formality of affixing a seal to a document constitutes proof of the existence of a contract. Second, the need to use a seal – which is generally known to have legal significance – served to give the parties meaning of the agreement reached. This consideration is important in the context of many legal theories about why pledges are generally not enforceable in the same way as contracts: there is concern that pledges are sometimes made under pressure (e.g. B by family members) without appropriate consideration, which is why a requirement of the legal formality of the seal could replace the consideration of pledges. Thirdly, the success of the formal legal formalities through the use of a seal proved beyond any doubt that a legal transaction was envisaged by the parties. [1] In some courts, the parties consider that a sealed document is sufficient, even if there is no seal. Some other companies (which are not companies registered under the Companies Acts) must continue to have and use seals. For example, the Royal Charter, which includes the Royal College of Nursing, requires the college to have a common seal,[15] like that of the BBC. [16] Sealed contracts must be written or printed on paper. These are conclusive documents between the parties once they have been signed, sealed and delivered.

Second, unlike a simple contract, a sealed contract does not have to be supported by valid consideration. In Georgia, a sealed contract has a limitation period of 20 years. In other words, if someone defaults on a loan, the creditor would have 20 years to sue the debt. The formal requirements for the preparation of an act are contained in section 1 of the Property Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1989. It is no longer necessary for the document to be sealed. However, the document must clearly state „on first sight” that it is intended to be an act, and it must be „effectively performed” by the person doing it or the parties who create it. However, everything changes when the document in question is executed „under lock and key”. Under Pennsylvania law, the statute of limitations for „an instrument written under seal” is twenty years. Thus, if the same promise does not fulfill its obligations under a sealed written instrument, it remains vulnerable to trial for twenty years instead of just four years. A sealed contract or deed is a written document that, if „sealed”, is distinct from a contract.

An act is a formal document that gives a clear indication that a person or organization is making its most sincere promise that it will fulfill its contractual obligations. .