Single European Sky Agreement
Providing air navigation services in the Single European Sky Until 2019, the plan had not yet been officially implemented, resulting in additional costs of 6 billion euros and 11.6 million megatonnes of excess CO2 emissions this year alone.  In September 2019, 21 aviation organisations, including Airlines for Europe (A4E), AIRE, ACI Europe, CANSO, ERA and IATA, signed an agreement in Brussels to put pressure on the creation of an SES and to cooperate with EU institutions and member states to achieve this.  The Commission has appointed 15 experts in this field to form a group of sages to assess the current situation and future needs.  Following the entry into office of the Prodi Commission in September 1999, Transport Commissioner Loyola de Palacio undertook efforts to structural reform air traffic management across Europe, as she and many others concluded that Eurocontrol was not in a position to carry out its missions effectively, including its decision-making and non-enforcement of agreements. Until the end of 1999, the European Commission had secured the agreement of all EU transport ministers for the `establishment of a single European sky`, including the integration and reform of structural ATMs, and had set up a high-level group of civil and military air transport authorities, representing member states , in order to develop concrete policy proposals.  The Single European Sky initiative aims to improve the efficiency of air traffic management and air navigation services by reducing the fragmentation of European airspace. This current initiative is naturally pan-European and open to neighbouring countries. As early as 2002, Europe decided that the appropriate response to these security challenges should be suspended when setting up a single European security unit, the European Aviation Safety Agency (EEAS). The Single European Sky (SES) initiative was launched in 1999 to improve the performance of air traffic management (ATM) and air navigation services (END) through better integration of European airspace. The benefits presented by the SES could be potentially enormous: compared to 2004, the SES could triple the capacity of the airspace (once completed from 2030 to 2035), halve the cost of ATMs, increase safety tenfold and reduce the environmental impact of air traffic by 10%. Parliament has always tried to remove obstacles to the achievement of the single European sky with a pragmatic approach. In this context, it strongly and successfully stressed the need for close cooperation between the civilian and military sectors with regard to the flexibility of the use of airspace, although Member States are still hesitant to tackle this problem.