Is The Backstop Part Of The Withdrawal Agreement

It is essential that the transition period can be extended by a mutual agreement between the EU and the UK. Please note that, in accordance with the agreement, the transitional period can only be extended once until 31 December 2022 and that the United Kingdom and the European Union must make a decision by 1 July 2020 on whether such an extension should be made. In practice, it is unlikely that the EU will raise objections if the UK asks for an extension, so the ball will be in the british Court of Justice`s court on that front. On 29 January 2019, the House of Commons voted 317 to 301 in favour of Sir Graham Brady`s amendment to the Brexit Next Steps amendment[64] which calls for „the Backstop of Northern Ireland to be replaced by other provisions to avoid a hard border, to support an agreement to leave the European Union and therefore to support the withdrawal agreement under this amendment.” If the withdrawal agreement is approved, an EU law (withdrawal agreement) will be introduced to implement the withdrawal agreement in UK law. In addition to the library`s briefing paper, the manual for judicious voting, this document contains an updated report on national constitutional requirements for ratification of the withdrawal agreement. On 14 November 2018, after a five-hour cabinet meeting, Prime Minister May announced that her cabinet had approved a draft withdrawal agreement with the EU. [27] [29] [30] On the same day, the Government issued an opinion on the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and stated that negotiations on future relations between the United Kingdom and the EU were under way and that the (binding) withdrawal agreement would not be signed without a (non-binding) political declaration on future relations. , „on the basis that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed.” [31] On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Withdrawal Agreement in Northern Ireland. [45] The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).

[47] The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only „clarified” the volumity in the protocol. [48] Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a „precondition for any future partnership”. [49] On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would „violate international law”.” [50] The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas:[16] Following the DUP`s objections, Mrs May agreed on a backstop involving the whole of the United Kingdom, which maintains indefinitely very close relations with the EU, namely the maintenance of the customs union. New Prime Minister Boris Johnson last week declared both the backstop agreement and the withdrawal agreement „dead.” It also applies to family members of EU and UK nationals, provided they have also stayed in the host Member State under EU law before the end of the transition period or have a direct connection to the UNION or the UK citizen to whom the agreement applies.

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