International Maritime Organization Agreement
In this article, we will discover five important instruments implemented by IMO to ensure the proper functioning of the sea, supported by the highest standards of maritime safety. encourage the elimination of discriminatory measures and unnecessary restrictions imposed by governments on maritime activities in the context of international trade, in order to promote the full availability of maritime transport services for world trade; The government`s support and encouragement for the development of its national navigation and for security purposes does not in itself constitute discrimination, provided that such aid and encouragement are not based on measures to restrict the freedom of all flags to participate in international trade; Members may at any time specify that their participation in the convention includes any or all of the territories for which they are responsible. The application of the Convention to a territory or group of territories, in accordance with Article 72, may be interrupted at any time by a written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the Member responsible for its international relations or, in the event that the Organization is the administrative authority of the United Nations. The Secretary-General of the United Nations immediately informs all members and the Secretary-General of the United Nations of this notification. The notification will come into effect at the end of a 12-month period from the date it was received by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. When IMCO took office in 1959, other existing conventions were placed under its aegis, the most notable being the 1954 International Convention for the Prevention of Marine Oil Pollution (OILPOL). The first newly created IMCO meetings were held in London in 1959.  Throughout its existence, IMCO, which was renamed OMI in 1982, has continued to create new and updated conventions on a wide range of maritime issues that concern not only the safety of life and pollution, but also the safety of navigation, search and rescue, demolition, tonnage measurement. , liability and compensation, ship retraining, seafarer training and certification, and piracy. More recently, solas has been modified to place greater emphasis on maritime safety through the international Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) code. IMO has also focused more on ship smoke emissions. recommend that members adopt regulations and guidelines for marine safety, the prevention and control of pollution caused by ships and other issues related to the impact of shipping on the marine environment, entrusted to it by or under international agreements, or changes to those regulations and guidelines that referred to them; Such control would, of course, be the responsibility of the port state. But when an offence is committed in international waters, the responsibility for imposing a sanction rests with the flag state.
Until the end of the 19th century, proposals were even made for the creation of a permanent international maritime body to deal with these and future measures. The plan was not implemented, but international cooperation continued throughout the 20th century, with the adoption of treaties still developed at the international level. When IMO was born in 1958, several important international conventions were already developed, including the 1948 International Convention for the Safeguarding of Life at Sea, the 1954 International Convention for the Prevention of Marine Oil Pollution, and the Treaties on Charge Lines and collision prevention at sea. IMO has been held responsible for updating most of these conventions.