Unclos Implementing Agreements

In 1960, the United Nations held the second United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (CNUNS II); However, the Geneva conference, which has been held for six weeks, has not created any new agreements. [12] In general, developing and third world countries participated only as customers, allies or dependent on the United States or the Soviet Union, without having a meaningful voice. [14] In addition to monitoring through a strict IMO enforcement system, compliance with IMO rules is also subject to monitoring of a sophisticated port state control system, coordinated by regional agreements within the overall IMO framework. But regulations for other ocean industries are not as well developed as commercial shipping regulations. The ICS is therefore continuing its efforts to obtain absolute clarity that the new UN agreement is not intended to regulate activities already entrusted to other un specialized unringeal organisations or relevant legal instruments. Whatever decision is taken, it is extremely important that the details and adequacy of all the measures that could be developed for the application to navigation, . B, for example, within MPAs on the high seas, are defined by the IMO on the basis of their experience and expertise in implementing these measures. At the beginning of the 20th century, some nations expressed their desire to extend national requirements: the integration of mineral resources, the protection of fish stocks and the provision of pollution control. (The League of Nations convened a conference in The Hague in 1930, but no agreement was reached. [6] By applying the principle of a nation`s international law to the protection of its natural resources, President Harry S. Truman extended control of the United States in 1945 to all natural resources on his continental shelf.

Other nations quickly followed suit. Between 1946 and 1950, Chile, Peru and Ecuador extended their rights to a distance of 200 nautical miles (370 km) to cover their Humboldt-Strom fisheries. Other nations extended their coastal seas to 22 km. [7] and implemented by the legal, political and institutional framework, Ocean After several years of discussions in response to growing concerns about ocean degradation, a high-level diplomatic conference was convened by the United Nations in New York in 2018.