These examples are automatically selected from different online sources of information to reflect the current use of the term “executive agreement.” The opinions expressed in the examples do not reflect the views of Merriam-Webster or its publishers. Send us comments. In the United States, executive agreements are binding at the international level when negotiated and concluded under the authority of the President on foreign policy, as commander-in-chief of the armed forces or from a previous congressional record. For example, the President, as Commander-in-Chief, negotiates and concludes Armed Forces Agreements (SOFAs) that govern the treatment and disposition of U.S. forces deployed in other nations. However, the President cannot unilaterally enter into executive agreements on matters that are not in his constitutional jurisdiction. In such cases, an agreement should take the form of an agreement between Congress and the executive branch or a contract with the Council and the approval of the Senate.  The Hull-Lothian Agreement. – With the case of France in June 1940, President Roosevelt concluded two executive agreements whose overall effect was to transform the role of the United States from strict neutrality in relation to the European war to that of the half-wars. The first agreement was with Canada and provided for the creation of a Permanent Defence Council that would take into account “more broadly the defence of the northern half of the Western Hemisphere.” 482 Second, and more important than the first, was the Hull-Lothian Agreement of September 2, 1940, under which the United States handed over to the British government 50 obsolete destroyers that had been renovated and returned to service in exchange for the lease of certain british West Atlantic naval base sites.483 And on April 9, 1941, the Department of Foreign Affairs handed over to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 50 obsolete destroyers. which had been recycled and put back into service.483 And on April 9, 1941, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs handed over the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, taking into account the recently completed German occupation of Denmark, concluded an executive agreement with the Danish Minister in Washington under which the United States acquired the right to occupy Greenland for defence purposes.484 The Case-Zablocki Act of 1972 requires the President to inform the Senate in 60 days from an executive agreement.
The president`s powers to conclude such agreements have not been restricted. The reporting requirement allowed Congress to vote in favor of repealing an executive agreement or to refuse funding for its implementation.  The Litvinov Agreement.- The Executive Agreement achieved its modern development as a foreign policy instrument under President Franklin D. Roosevelt and temporarily threatened to replace contractual power, not formally, but in fact, as a decisive element in the field of foreign policy. The first significant use of the executive agreement by the President took the form of an exchange of notes on 16 November 1933 with Maxim M. Litvinov, the foreign commissioner of the USSR, with the extension of American recognition to the Soviet Union and the commitment of each official. The agreement was reached through an exchange of notes that, almost a year later, was submitted to the Senate to determine whether he was in the president`s office or whether a council and Senate approval were required.